Striking workers who do not take reasonable precautions to protect against property damage are not protected by the National Labor Relations Act, because this is a well-established carve-out, the state tort law claims are not preempted by the NLRA.
To bring a claim under Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933, the plaintiff must prove they purchased securities traceable to an allegedly misleading registration statement.
The False Claims Act allows for relief against a person who “knowingly” submits a “false claim” to a federal program. This is a subjective rather than subjective test, the claim can be brought against a company who meets the knowledge requirement, regardless of whether its procedures are usual and customary.
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